1820 – 1830 George IV – Loxwood in the Georgian period

Introduction

George became king in 1820. He visited Hanover in 1821 and his visit to Scotland the following year was the first by a British monarch since 1650. His interest in government was sporadic and he enjoyed varied relations with his ministers. Although he had courted Whig politicians in his youth, this was mainly to annoy his father, and he became increasingly pro-Tory. He intrigued against the Earl of Liverpool, prime minister from 1820 to 1827, but approved of George Canning, who became foreign secretary in 1822 and prime minister in 1827. In 1829 George was forced by his ministers, much against his will, to agree to Catholic Emancipation.

Throughout his adult life, George was an important artistic patron, acquiring an impressive collection of art and patronising architects and designers, most notably at Brighton. He first visited the seaside town in 1783, returning frequently and from 1815 developing the Royal Pavilion in an exotic combination of Indian and Chinese styles.

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Timeline

1820

George became King George IV.

 

Around this time the ancient High Altar stone from the Chapel of Ease was discovered and taken to Wisborough Green vicarage to be used as a garden seat. The Altar stone had been hidden in the curates cottage at the time of King Henry VIII when an order was given to destroy the ancient stone.

Hilltop Stores, Finches and Mellow were constructed either side of Box Cottages and they formed a row of shops that started with Alameda and ran down to Mellow which had a butchers shop at the front.

PenfoldHouse was built between Garton House and The Onslow Arms.

1821

King George visited Hanover

1822

Kind George visited Scotland the first British Monarch to do so since 1650.

1822

The Victorian nave was rebuilt by J P Henley and the oak framed medieval Chancel was left in place. Henry Napper of Lakers Lodge laid the first stone when he was only 9 years of age. The chapel was built of brick with a hip slate roof but chancel was untouched so had a transverse roof. The windows were round headed, There were three rows of pews.

1825

The first public steam railway ran between the north eastern towns of Stockton and Darlington.

1826

the new chapel was completed. Ref John P Henley Lambeth Palace Library records.

1829

Robert Peel established the Metropolitan Police. Before the police there existed an informal system of watchmen, magistrates, volunteer constables and ‘thief takers’. Initially unpopular, the police proved a success and by the late 1830s police forces were being set up in many large British cities.John Garton who was born at Garton House in Loxwood. He would become one of Loxwood’s most generous patrons, see Loxwood Place.

1830

Inclosure Award several parcels of land on the East side of the Turnpike road were allotted to Denzil Onslow, the Lord of the Manor and his eldest son

John King was the owner of Loxwood Place.

King George died on 26 June 1830 and the crown passed to George’s brother who became William IV.

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