1727 – 1760 George II – Loxwood in the Georgian period

Introduction

George was elector of Hanover and second Hanoverian king of Great Britain and Ireland.

George succeeded to the throne in 1727. And Robert Walpole secured George a Civil List (allowance) from parliament of £800,000, considerably more than previous monarchs had received. Walpole also won acknowledgement of George’s legitimacy from many influential Tories who supported the exiled Stuart pretender to the English throne.

As a result, no senior politician deserted George’s cause during the Jacobite Rebellion of 1745. Charles Edward Stuart, the ‘Young Pretender’ landed in Scotland but, after some initial success, was defeated at the Battle of Culloden in 1746.

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Timeline

1727

George was the second Hanoverian king of Great Britain and Ireland.

1739

John Wesley, George Whitefield and other early adherents to Wesleyan views began preaching in fields. Their aim was to spread the gospels and save souls. They attracted large audiences and many converts to evangelical Christianity. Called ‘Methodists’ for their focus of rules, this marked the beginning of their mission to the poor.

1740

Between 1740 and 1744 the British naval commander George Anson sailed around the world in HMS ‘Centurion’. Anson returned to England with nearly £500,000 of Spanish treasure. His account of the voyage became a bestseller.

1745

Charles Edward Stuart, or ‘Bonnie Prince Charlie’, was the grandson of the deposed James II. He landed at Eriskay, Scotland, and quickly gathered an army, who proclaimed him ‘Charles III’. On 21 September, he defeated the government army in Scotland at the Battle of Prestonpans.

1746

The Battle of Culloden was the last battle fought on British soil, and marked the defeat of the Jacobite revolt of 1745-1746, also known as the ’45 Rebellion. Led by ‘Bonnie Prince Charlie’

1757

An Act of Parliament was passed to construct a turnpike road from Alfold Bars to Saint Mary’s Gate, in Arundel. The road lead from Alfold, through Loxwood, over New Pound Common and New Bridge, through Pulborough and Bury to Arundel. The Act of Parliament was one of the earliest in Sussex.

A Toll House was constructed between the bridge and the Bridge Ale House (now The Onslow Arms). The Toll House was known as Tollgate Cottage, because there was a gate across the road.

A Toll House was also built in Alfold, near to Alfold Crossroads.

1760

George died on 25 October 1760.

 

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