Anne was the last of the Stuart monarchs, and the first sovereign of Great Britain.
In 1685, Anne’s father James became king. He was overthrown in 1688 and Anne’s sister Mary, and her Dutch husband William, took the throne.
Anne became their heir and with the death of Mary (1694) and then William, with no children, in 1702 Anne was queen. Within months, the War of the Spanish Succession began. A series of military victories by John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, including the Battle of Blenheim strengthened England’s negotiating position at the end of the war. Under the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht, France recognised Anne’s title over that of James II’s Roman Catholic son, James Stuart and confirmed England’s possession of Gibraltar.Read More...