William III was the son of Charles I’s daughter, Mary and Prince William of Orange. Following political turmoil in the Netherlands during his minority, he eventually succeeded as ruler there in 1672.
The Protestant majority in England did not like King James, and he was overthrown in the “Glorious Revolution” of 1688. William landed in England (at Brixham) with a Dutch army. When William landed, James’s support melted away. James was allowed to leave for France, and William became the last person to successfully invade England by force. The events are known as the Glorious Revolution.
William and his wife Mary were created Joint Sovereign, by Act of Parliament, in February 1689.
William’s enemy was the King of France, Louis XIV, who protected and supported James in his efforts to return. In Ireland, the majority Roman Catholics were reinforced by French forces led by Jacobites. William personally led his army to victory at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690. James fled back to France.Read More...