1660 – 1685 Charles II – Loxwood during the Restoration

Introduction

Charles II was king of England, Scotland and Ireland, whose restoration to the throne in 1660 marked the end of republican rule in England.

The early years of Charles’s reign saw an appalling plague (1665) and the Great Fire in 1666 which led to the substantial rebuilding of the city of London. Between 1665 and 1667 England was at war with the Dutch (the Second Anglo-Dutch War), ending in a Dutch victory. In 1670, Charles signed a secret treaty with Louis XIV of France.

In 1677, Charles married his niece Mary to the Protestant William of Orange, partly to re-establish his own Protestant credentials. Although Charles had a number of illegitimate children with various mistresses, he had none with his wife, Catherine of Braganza. His Catholic brother James was thus his heir. Knowledge of his negotiations with France, together with his efforts to become an absolute ruler, brought Charles into conflict with parliament, which he dissolved in 1681. From then until his death he ruled alone.

 

Timeline

1664

Richard Threele married Margaret Onslow the sister of Sir Edward Onslow. 1664 Sir Henry Onslow grand nephew of Margaret Onslow is described as of Drungewick so it is probable that Drungewick passed to the Onslows through marriage.

1665

The Great plague of London was the last bubonic outbreak but it killed an estimated 100,000 people.

1666

The Great Fire of London swept through central London from Sunday 2 September to Thursday 6 September and destroyed Medieval London, the fire started in Thomas Farriner’s bakehouse on Pudding Lane.

1667

In London Samuel Pepys sees some cellars that were still smoldering, six months after the Great Fire of London

1670

Hall House in Loxwood was constructed around this time and in the 18th century this property was the Drovers Arms Inn.

1671

The Custom House, the Guildhall, Royal Exchange were rebuilt in London and work began on four new churches and The Monument

1675

The Foundation stone for St Paul’s Cathedral was laid.

1681

King Charles dissolved Parliament and ruled the country alone until his death in 1685.

1685

King Charles died on 6 February 1685, and converted to Catholicism on his death bed.

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