Charles I was king of England, Scotland and Ireland, whose conflicts with parliament led to civil war and his eventual execution.
Charles I was born in Fife on 19 November 1600, the second son of James VI of Scotland and Anne of Denmark. On the death of Elizabeth I in 1603 James became king of England and Ireland. Three months after his accession he married Henrietta Maria of France. They had a happy marriage and left five surviving children.
There was ongoing tension with parliament over money – made worse by the costs of war abroad. In addition, Charles favoured a High Anglican form of worship, and his wife was Catholic – both made many of his subjects suspicious, particularly the Puritans. Charles dissolved parliament three times between 1625 and 1629. In 1629, he dismissed parliament and resolved to rule alone.Read More...