1603 – 1625 James I – Loxwood in the Stuart period

Introduction

James VI of Scotland became the first Stuart king of England in 1603, crowned James I, creating the kingdom of Great Britain.

James was born on 19 June 1566 in Edinburgh Castle. His mother was Mary, Queen of Scots and his father her second husband, Lord Darnley. Darnley was murdered in February 1567 and in July of the same year Mary was forced to abdicate in favour of her infant son.

James’s tutor, the historian and poet George Buchanan, was a positive influence and James was a capable scholar. A succession of regents ruled the kingdom until 1576, when James became nominal ruler, although he did not actually take control until 1581. He proved to be a shrewd ruler who effectively controlled the various religious and political factions in Scotland.

In March 1603, Elizabeth died and James became king of England and Ireland in a remarkably smooth transition of power. After 1603 he only visited Scotland once, in 1617.

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Timeline

1603

Elizabeth I died childless so was succeeded by her cousin, James VI of Scotland. James’s accession meant that the three separate kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland were now united, for the first time, under a single monarch. James was crowned James I and was the first Stuart ruler of England.

Willetts was constructed around this time or earlier and may be the building that H Napper reported was moved from Baldwyns Knob to become the curates house in 1568. 

1604

James I commissioned the King James Bible.

1605

The Gunpowder Plot. In this year a group of English Catholics, angered by James I’s failure to relax the penal laws against their co-religionists, hatched a plot to blow up the king and parliament by igniting gunpowder barrels concealed in a vault beneath the building. The plot was discovered before it could be carried out.

Conveyance of Drungewick Manor from Daughter of Sir john Harte to Richard Threele, the sum paid was £1600.

1611

The King James Bible’ was published. By the end of the 16th century, there were several different English bibles in circulation and the church authorities felt a definitive version was needed. The ‘Authorised Version of the Bible’, known as the ‘King James Bible’ had been commissioned in 1604. It became the most famous English translation of the scriptures and had a profound impact on the English language.

1612

The Trustees of Loxwood Chapel entered into a land transaction for the field where Pond Cottages stand on Station Road: From The Trustees of Loxwood Chapel. Lease for 21 years 1) John Ireland of Loxwood, yeoman, to 2) Thomas Gratwick of Alfold, yeoman Premises described as: b) Cokkes (2a.) late in the occupation of Thomas Whittall d) Calletts Haw (2a.) Maintenance clause. Annual rent: 40 shillings.

1615

Abraham Willins was the curate of Loxwood Chapel of Ease.

1616

William Shakespeare died in this year he was an English poet and playwright, regarded as the greatest writer in the English language.

1617

Initials H G B were apparently inscribed into drawing room fireback which was a fluted pattern, of Drungewick Manor.

1620

Pilgrim Fathers’ sailed for America in the ‘Mayflower’. They were a group attempting to escape religious persecution in England. They landed at Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts and became known as the ‘Pilgrim Fathers’ often portrayed as the founders of modern America.

Alameda was constructed around this time and is thought to have been an Inn, possibly one of the oldest in Sussex.

1625

James I died on 27 March and was succeeded by his second son, Charles

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