1558 – 1603 Elizabeth I – Loxwood in the Tudor period

Introduction

The reign of Elizabeth I is often thought of as a Golden Age. It was a time of extravagance and luxury in which a flourishing popular culture was expressed through writers such as Shakespeare, and explorers like Drake and Walter Raleigh sought to expand England’s territory overseas. This sense of well-being was embodied by Queen Elizabeth who liked to wear sumptuous costumes and jewellery, and be entertained in style at her court. But life in Tudor England did not always reflect such splendour.

The sixteenth century was also a time when the poor became poorer, books and opinions were censored, and plots to overthrow the Queen were rife. Elizabeth’s ministers had to employ spies and even use torture to gain information about threats to her life.

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Timeline

1558

Queen Mary died on November 17, 1558 and Elizabeth was crowned queen of England at the age of 25.

The Act of Uniformity 1558 was an act of Parliament that ordered that all persons had to attend Anglican Church Services once a week of be fined 12 pence. The Act set the order of prayer to be used from the 1559 Book of Common Prayer.

Sir Christopher More actively assisted in the enforcement of religious reform and he built Loseley House near Guildford, where Queen Elizabeth I stayed on a number of occasions. Sir Christopher More was Sheriff of Surrey and Sussex.

1559

Letters W T were inscribed in Eastern Gable Drungewick Manor House presumably to mark an extension or rebuild which was carried out at that time. The initials are thought to be that of William Tressham, who was Chancellor of Chichester Cathedral and not a sympathiser of Queen Elizabeth I.

1560

Sir William Browne MP Haslemere was believed to be living at Drungewick and moved to Loseley House which was then owned by Sir George More

Queen Elizabeth I stayed at Loseley house on five occasions 1567, 1569, 1577, 1583, 1591,

Richard Browne was recorded as living at Drungewick (possibly the brother of Sir William Browne)

 

The Manor of Drungewick was taken by Queen Elizabeth I under the Act of Supremacy.

Bishop Barlowe leased Drungewick Manor from the Crown.

Little Hogswood was constructed near to Spy Farmhouse.

Little Pound Farm & Pound Cottage were constructed near to Little Hogswood and Spy Farm.

Brewhurst Bridge is Grade II Listed and was constructed around this time and was the first bridge over the river Lox.

1564

William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon, England

1568

Having been forced to abdicate the Scottish throne, Mary Stuart fled across the English border to ask for Elizabeth’s help. Elizabeth is distrustful of Mary. Some Catholics regard Mary as England’s rightful queen. Elizabeth promptly has Mary taken into custody, where she remained for the next 19 years.

According to H Napper, who was the owner of Lakers Lodge in the 19th century, a building was moved from Baldwins Knob, which was near Brewhurst and Drungewick to become the curates house and was rebuilt next to the Chapel of Ease. It is believed this may be the house called Willetts.

1573

Edmund Burke was the curate of the Chapel of Ease on 12th March 1573.

1575

A farmhouse was built across the river from Brewhurst that would eventually become The Onslow Arms 

1577

Queen Elizabeth encouraged exploration and voyages of discovery. She provided financial support for Admiral Francis Drake’s circumnavigation of the globe

1578

Saxtons map of Sussex depicted a chapel at Loxwood, which was the first map to record such features.

1580

Sir Francis Drake completed the second circumnavigation of the world

Loxwood river bridge was constructed around this time, probably to provide access to the new farmhouse that would eventually become The Onslow Arms. Until this time there was a Ford river crossing which was 20 yards east of the river bridge. The Ford connected to Nep Lane which ran up the hill to the Rudgwick Road.

1588

Catholic king Philip II of Spain assembled The Armada to attack England and the fleet sailed into the English Channel in July 1588. The English ships were smaller and were faster and they inflicted terrible losses on their Spanish enemy.

1593

Richard III, a play by William Shakespeare was written in this year.

1594

Romeo and Juliet, a play by William Shakespeare was written in this year.

1595

William Shakespeare’s English-language play A Midsummer Night’s Dream was written in this year.

1595

John Norden Map survey Surrey depicts Loxwood Chapel of Ease and a river bridge at Loxwood for the first time.

1597

Reverend Christopher Butler was the Vicar of Wisborough Greeen

1598

Queen Elizabeth I granted Patent of The Manor of Drungewick to Sir John Harte. £879 13s 4d was the sum paid by Sir John Harte for the Manor. Richard Browne was in occupation of Drungewick and was paying annual rent of £14. Pephurst Wood was also included in the sale and at the time the annual rent was £13. 6s. 0d.

1601

William Shakespeare wrote Hamlet in this year.

1600

A drove Road was probably formed around this time from river bridge up the hill to the Chapel of Ease and then on to Alfold and Guildford, and used Loxwood river bridge which was formally for the farmhouse.

1603

Queen Elizabeth I died and was buried at Westminster Abbey, she was succeeded by James I.

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