1553 – 1558 Mary I – Loxwood in the Tudor period

Introduction

The first queen to rule England in her own right, she was known as ‘Bloody Mary’ for her persecution of Protestants in a vain attempt to restore Catholicism in England.

Mary was born at Greenwich on 18 February 1516, the only surviving child of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon. Her life was radically altered when Henry divorced Catherine to marry Anne Boleyn. He claimed that the marriage was incestuous and illegal, as Catherine had been married to his dead brother, Arthur. The pope disagreed, resulting in Henry’s break with Rome and the establishment of the Church of England.

Henry’s allegations of incest effectively bastardised Mary. After Anne Boleyn bore Henry another daughter, Elizabeth, Mary was forbidden access to her parents and stripped of her title of princess. Mary never saw her mother again.

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Timeline

1554

Mary I caused grave offence in England by her marriage to the Catholic heir to the king of Spain.

Property transaction mentions “messuage called Bruers” including stables and watermill granted from John Myll to his son John Myll. This may have been in reference to Brewhurst House.

1555

The Protestant martyrs, though few in number, ensured the reputation of Bloody Mary in English history

1558

John King the surviving Trustee of the Chapel appointed six new trustees namely: Richard. King, John King, Walter King, Richard Mylls, John Irelond, of Rudgwick, and John Laker, also mentioned were Chapel properties, ” Stevynsfield,” ” Cokkes,” ” Baldwynnes” and ” Calletehaw,” which is described as being bounded by land called Oakhurst on the east and south, and to the road from Loxwood to Horsham on the north.

1559

John Gunshot (Gunshot Farm Wisborough Green) bequeath to Loxwood Chapel January 7th.
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