1483 – 1485 Richard III and medieval Loxwood

Introduction

Richard III was King of England from 26 June 1483 until his death in 1485. He was the last king of the Plantagenet dynasty and its cadet branch the House of York. His defeat and death at the Battle of Bosworth Field, the last decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses, marked the end of the Middle Ages in England.

Richard was created Duke of Gloucester in 1461 after the accession of his brother King Edward IV. In 1472, he married Anne Neville, daughter of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick and widow of Edward of Westminster, the son of Henry VI. Richard had governed northern England during Edward’s reign, and played a role in the invasion of Scotland in 1482.

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Timeline

1483

When Edward IV died, Richard was initially named Lord Protector of the realm until he became King on June 22nd

A Chancel Building was constructed between the Chapel of Ease and the western end of the Curates Cottage. The building was 30ft x 10ft with an Apex roof. A bridge link was installed between the curates cottage and the chapel on the upper floors, so the curate could walk between them.

The curates cottage was improved with an upper floor inserted at the eastern end and an open fire in the centre, with smoke windows in the north and south elevations.

1485

Richard III was Killed at the battle of Bosworth by his nephew Henry, who succeeded to the throne as Henry VII to start the Tudor dynasty.
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