1461 – 1483 Edward IV and medieval Loxwood

Introduction

King of England 1461–70 and from 1471-83 He was the son of Richard, Duke of York, and succeeded Henry VI in the Wars of the Roses, temporarily losing his throne to Henry when Edward fell out with his adviser Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick. Edward was a fine warrior and intelligent strategist, with victories at Mortimer’s Cross and Towton in 1461, Empingham in 1470, and Barnet and Tewkesbury in 1471.

When Richard Plantagenet the Duke of York was killed at the Battle of Wakefield in 1460, Edward inherited his claim. With the support of the powerful Earl of Warwick, known as ‘the Kingmaker’, Edward defeated the Lancastrians in a series of battles, culminating in the Battle of Towton in 1461. With the Lancastrian king, Henry VI, overthrown, Edward was crowned Edward IV.

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Timeline

1461

When Richard Plantagenet The Duke of York and Protector of the Realm was killed at the Battle of Wakefield in 1460, Edward inherited his claim to the Throne of England and was crowned Edward IV.

 

There is a record that the water mill was operating at Brewhurst by this time, but there was probably a water mill at Brewhurst from the early settlements.Brewhurst House was constructed around this time, the farmhouse is opposite Brewhurst Mill.

1469

Edward IV was defeated at the battle of Edgecote and fled to Flanders. Henry VI was restored to the throne.

1471

Edward returned to England from Flanders, and won battles at Barnet and Tewkesbury. Henry VI was killed in the Tower of london and Edward IV was returned to the throne.

1472

Leonardo da Vinci joined the painters guild in Florence.

1477

William Caxton opened the first Printing Press in London.

1480

The Chapel of Ease was extended when an 30ft x 10ft oak framed building was constructed between the Chapel and Curates Cottage. A 6ft bridge link connected the cottage and chapel on the upper floors.
Leonardo da Vinci is credited as sketching an example of a parachute, however it would be another 150 years before the example was actually tested.

1483

King Edward died on April 9th 1483 at Westminster Abbey, aged 40 years, to be succeeded by Richard the Duke of Gloucester, who was crowned Richard III.
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