1413 – 1422 Henry V and medieval Loxwood

Introduction

Henry V is regarded as one of the great warrior kings of medieval England, famous for his victory against the French at the Battle of Agincourt. He grew up fond of music and reading, and became the first English king who could both read and write with ease in english.

In Loxwood the Oratory that had been built encouraged more people to settle in the area and this in turn allowed land owners to secure tenant farmers to rent their lands. Robert Rede the Bishop of Chichester died in 1415 and this heralded a period where a number of Bishops were ordained in Chichester but their role in office only lasted for a short period as they were moved to different areas of the Country.

In the wider sphere the first stone was laid at Syon Abbey in Isleworth, and this would become the wealthiest Monastery in England, and the home of one of the great libraries. The ancient glass making process was beginning to be seen in European homes fuelled in part by stained glass windows in monasteries and cathedrals.

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Timeline

1413

Henry IV died in London on 20 March and his son Henry succeeded him to become Henry V, the first King since Norman invasion to use English as primary language

1415

Henry V defeated the French at The Battle of Agincourt

1415

Robert Rede Bishop Chichester Died in June 1415. Bishop Rede had granted permission for a place of worship to be built in Loxwood in 1404. Robert Rede compiled the earliest Bishops register, and two books were printed detailing his ecclesiastical work. In his will, Robert Rede requested to be buried at the foot of his predecessor William Rede before the high altar of Chichester cathedral.

1415

First stone to build Syon Abbey laid which would become the wealthiest religious house in England. Syon Abbey maintained a substantial library, with a collection for the monks and another for the nuns

1418

Henry Ware was Lord Privy Seal, the fifth Great Office of State between 1416 – 1418 and was a member of a mission sent, on 12 March 1417, to seek a peace treaty with France and Burgundy. He became became Bishop Chichester on 28 February 1418.

1420

Bishop Henry Ware died in 1420 and in his Will he asked for an ‘old bible’ to be returned to Margam Abbey, and he left money for repairs to the Bishop’s Palace at Chichester. He was buried at Chichester Cathedral.

Glazed glass Glazed glass begins to be seen in the houses of the rich in Europe

1421

John Kemp became Bishop of Chichester. He had practised as an ecclesiastical lawyer and in 1418 he was made Keeper of the Privy Seal, the fifth Great Office of State, which he retained until 1421. Later in 1421 John Kemp became Bishop of London.

Thomas Polton succeeded John Kemp as Bishop Chichester in November 1421.

1422

Henry V died unexpectedly in France on August 31st and his son Henry succeeded him although he was only 9 months old.

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